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Classification of crimes (eg)

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Contents

(1) Classification of crimes as to gravity الخطورة:

Article 9, 10,11, 12, of Egyptian penal code have divided crimes into categories as follows:-

(1.1) Felonies الجنايات:

Which are punishable by death, perpetual servitude الأشغال الشاقة المؤبدة, penal servitude for a term الأشغال الشاقة, and reclusion والعزل .

(1.2) Misdemeanors الجنح:

Which are punishable either by imprisonment up to three years or a fine that exceeds 100LE or both together.

(1.3) Contraventions المخالفات:

Which is punishable by a fine not exceeding L.E. 100.


(2) Classification of crime as to the nature of the wrong:

(2.1) Crimes against sovereignty, public peace and political crimes:

The tem of "sovereignty and public peace" is wider than term of "political crimes", because the first term may include all offences against state relating to its existence, property and credit, and public peace that it maintains. While political crimes offences include only those directed against political conditions. The characterization of political crime is still very controversial مثير للجدل issue up till now.

(2.2) Crimes against public Decency and Mortalityالأخلاق والآداب العامة:

Bawdy housesبيوت الدعارة, common gaming houseصالات القمار, public obscenityالفعل الفاضح, public exposure هتك العرض, neglect to bury the dead, breach of the inviolability of the graveانتهاك حرمة القبور, vagrancyالتشرد…..etc.

(3) Classification as to the breached interest:

(3.1) Crimes against public interest:

Crimes against public function (e.g. corruption and its related crimes), and crimes against safety and public security of the state (e.g. high treason, spying and terrorism).

(3.2) Crimes against private interest:

Which are divided into crimes against persons (e.g. homicideالقتل, batteryالضرب, and affray and assaultالضرب و الجرح). And crimes against property (e.g. theft, false and breach of trust).


(4) Classification as to its structure:

(4.1) Simple crimes:

Which consist of single act. .

(4.2) Compound crimes:

Which consist of several acts either repeatedly such as prostitutionالدعارة which consists of several acts of fornicationألزني committed in separated times. And robberyالسطو which consists of theft coupled with violence.

(4.3) Habitualالاعتياد crimes:

Which consist of several illegal acts which are calculated together as on crime, such as prostitutions and usury الربا.

(4.4) Continuous crimes:

Where the crimes takes place through a continuous and uninterrupted length of time. (E.g. possession of unlicensed weapons and receivingالاحتفاظ stolen property).

(5) Classification as to criminal result:

(5.1) Crimes of damageيترتب عليها تعويض:

Where the offence is described as the causation of the harmful result (e.g. homicide, injury and theft).

(5.2) Crimes of dangerتشكل خطورة:

Where punishment is imposed merely for creating danger, even though the harmful result does not occur (e.g. attempted crimes

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